Body composition of children and teens

Health metrics for children and teens should be presented in the context of age and gender, since body composition of children and teens changes as they continue to grow.


Male Inverted Triangle Body Shape

The male Inverted Triangle Body Shape is a slightly exaggerated form of the trapezoid. It’s defined by wide shoulders and harrow hips and tends to be found in more muscular men.


Male Rectangle Body Shape

The Male Rectangle Body Shape is like a ruler, straight from top to bottom with the chest, hips and waist all around the same size.


Male (Apple) Oval Body Shape

The Oval Body Shape is one of the most common male body shapes. It’s found in men with a rounder appearance that carry excess weight in their upper body.


Male Trapezoid Body Shape

The Trapezoid Body Shape is seen as the perfect male body shape. With broad shoulders, bulky arms and narrow hips the body is nicely proportioned and is commonly found in athletes.


Male Triangle Body Shape

The male Triangle Body Shape is found in men with a heavier lower body. They tend to have an Ectomorph’s body classification, which is often a slim athletic look with a narrow chest.


Female (Apple) Diamond Body Shape

The Diamond Body Shape is typified by a rounder body shape with little or no waist definition. The Diamond Body Shape has a higher stomach than an Oval.


Female (Apple) Oval Body Shape

The Oval Body Shape is typified by a rounder body shape with little or no waist definition. The Oval Body Shape has a lower stomach than a Diamond shape.


Female Inverted Triangle Body Shape

The Inverted Triangle Body Shape is the most athletic looking silhouette, and is defined by broad shoulders, chest and back, with a narrower lower body.


Female Hourglass Body Shape

The Hourglass Body Shape is well balanced and easy to dress. The hips and bust are well proportioned and the waist is very defined.


Female Rectangle Body Shape

The Rectangle Body Shape is one of the most common figures among women. Women with a rectangle body shape have an athletic look with balanced bust and hips, but their waist is not as defined as an hourglass.


Female (Triangle) Pear Body Shape

The (Triangle) Pear Body Shape is one of the most common figures among women. Women with a pear body shape have hips that are noticeably larger than their bust and a nicely defined waist.

Horizontal Body Shape

Horizontal Body Shape is the relationship between your chest, (narrow) waist and hips.  Understanding these proportions will help you to identify clothing styles that suit you best.


Vertical Body Shape

If you want to look comfortable and stylish you’ve got to know how to dress for your body shape. Your vertical body shape isn’t determined by height or weight, but instead by upper and lower body length proportions.


Target Heart Rate

Research has shown that if you exercise while keeping your heart rate (measured by your pulse) in your target range, you will be more effective at improving aerobic fitness.


Don’t obsess about the numbers

When we feel good about our body, we are motivated to take care of it in a way that leaves us feeling our healthiest over the long-term. Measurements are empowering, but don’t obsess about the numbers.


The endomorph body type (somatotype)

The endomorph body type (somatotype) is typically a larger build. They can gain both fat and muscle easily but struggle to loose fat.

The mesomorph body type (somatotype)

The mesomorph body type (somatotype) is typically medium build and can gain or loose weight easily.

The ectomorph body type (somatotype)

The ectomorph body type (somatotype) is typically long, slender and thin. They find it hard to gain muscle or fat mass.

Know your body type (somatotype)

There’s no body like you. Before you start your training and nutrition regimen, it’s a good idea to know your body type so you can get results faster.


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Comparing other techniques of body fat estimation

A body fat prediction has an error associated with it, and the size of this error varies depending upon which technique we use to take the measurement. READ MORE

How does body fat estimation work?

Body fat estimation involves measuring what we can measure, and then trying to predict how much body fat you have based on that measurement. READ MORE

Why does body fat distribution matter?

Body fat distribution differs from person to person. Distribution of body fat is a more important indicator of health risk than percentage of fat. READ MORE

Why should we care about body fat?

Excess body weight (i.e. body fat) is one of the most important risk factors for diseases that are killing us that we can actually change. READ MORE

Why is waist to height ratio important?

Waist to height ratio (WHtR) is a measure of central fat distribution. It’s equally fair for short or tall people. READ MORE

Body Fat – the good, the bad and the ugly

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An approach to a ‘bigger’ body shape

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Being body positive instead of body perfect

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Body measurement & quality of life

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Why weight & waist measures are not enough

For decades, public places have been adorned with scales that record an accurate measurement of weight. Many people till today rely on their belt holes to measure their waist. READ MORE

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What is BMI, is it right for me?

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Why is waist to hip ratio important?

Your waist to hip ratio (WHR) is a great way to estimate how fat is distributed throughout your body. The lower your number is, the better. READ MORE

How to get started with a weight loss plan

Taking the first step is the most important part of any journey, as it is with weight loss. There are a couple of things that can be helpful to keep in mind. READ MORE

Diet derailing…How to stop it

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